Most of the photos in this tour were taken from the out of print 4 volume set "Pyramidology" by Adam Rutherford (released between 1957- 1972). Adam Rutherford was one of the greatest Pyramidologists that ever lived. These pages may take some time to load but I think it is worth the wait. There are 40 photos on 6 pages.
Before we enter the interior of the Great Pyramid, let us look at some EXTERIOR views.
|(1) Arial View of the Great Pyramid|
|(2) Northern Part of the EAST side|
|(3) Southern Part of the EAST side with other Giza pyramids in the background|
|(4) North-East Corner. Adam Rutherford is seated on a camel.|
|(5) Looking down from the top of the S.W. Corner.|
|(6) Central part of the Summit (Top) of the Great Pyramid.|
|(7) Tourists and guides climbing the Great Pyramid in the early part of the 20th century.|
|Casing Stones still remaining at the base of the north end of the Pyramid.|
|Casing Stones on the south side which have been ground down by the sand-storms of thousands of years|
The following diagram will help you locate where you are.
Refer to the numbers in red.
|(1) The original entrance (center and with angle blocks over the top) and Al Mamoun's forced cavity (below and to the right of the original entrance) on the North side.|
|(1) Close up of Angle blocks over the original entrance|
|(2) Entrance to Al Mamoun's forced passage on the North side made in 820 AD|
|(3) In Al Mamoun's forced passage looking South|
|(4) Adam Rutherford examining masonry in the upper part of the Descending Passage|
|(5) The Granite Plug - lower end|
|(6) The First Ascending Passage - Looking South (up)|
|(7) Junction of Grand Gallery (above) and Queen's Chamber Passage (below and running horizontal)|
|(8) The Grand Gallery - North end|
|(8) The Grand Gallery - North end - at a different angle|
|(9) The Grand Gallery - Looking South (up)|
|(Between 9 and 10) The Great Step in the Grand Gallery|
|(Between 9 and 10) King's Chamber Passage from front of the the Great Step|
|(Between 9 and 10) King's Chamber Passage (looking south)|
|(10) King's Chamber - Entrance door and northern air shaft|
|(10) King's Chamber - West End with Coffer|
|(Above 10) Campbell's Chamber - The upper most relieving chamber|
|(11) Queen's Chamber Passage with its Drop|
28- Queen's Chamber - showing entrance door (center), air shaft (left), and part of Niche (right)
The Queen's Chamber has a rough floor and a gabled limestone roof. The name Queen's Chamber is a misnomer. The custom among Arab's was to place their women in tombs with gabled ceilings (as opposed to flat ones for men), so this room came to be labeled by the Arab's as the Queen's Chamber. The walls of this chamber are mysteriously encrusted with salt as much as much as 1/2 inch thick. The chamber dimensions are 18 feet 10 inches by 17 feet 2 inches. It has a double pitched ceiling 20 1/2 feet at its highest point, formed by huge blocks of limestone at a slope of about 30 degrees.
29- The Niche in the east wall of the Queen's Chamber
(The passage through the back of the Niche is an excavation made by Colonel Vyse in 1837.)
The Niche was originally 3 feet 5 inches deep but a passage has been hacked through the back for several yards. The Niche is just over 16 feet high.
30- Opening to Northern Air Shaft in the Queen's Chamber
The airshafts from the King's Chamber were found to exit to the outside of the pyramid. It appears that the Queen's Chamber airshafts do not lead to the outside but may terminate at an entrance to a secret chamber within the pyramid.
31- The Unknown Door at the end of the southern air shaft.
copyright Rudolf Gantenbrink
Rudolf Gantenbring in 1993 sent a small robot with a camera up the southern air shaft in the Queen's Chamber. After traveling about 200 feet up the air shaft it came to a small door complete with copper handles. The air shafts are about 9 inches square. As far as we know, this door has not been opened and what is inside remains unknown.
32- Lesser Subterranean Chamber and Subterranean Chamber Passage
The distance of the descending passage to the beginning of the horizontal Subterranean chamber passage is about 344 feet. This shorter horizontal section leads to a small lesser subterranean chamber and then continues into the large subterranean chamber.
33- The Lower eastern half of the Subterranean Chamber as viewed from the upper western half
This large chamber is a strange place, measuring 46 X 27 feet with a height of about 11 feet. It is cut deep into the bedrock almost 600 feet directly below the apex of the Pyramid. Its ceiling is smooth and and the floor is cut in several rough levels, making it look unfinished. It has also been referred to as the "upside down room".
34- The Pit in the Subterranean Chamber
In the center of this chamber on the east side is a square pit which is known as the "bottomless pit". It is called the "bottomless pit" since at the time of its discovery, it was not known how deep it was.
35- Subterranean Chamber showing contour around the Pit and entrance doorway (upper left)
The Pit was 12 feet deep in 1838 , but was dug deeper by the explorer Colonel Vyse in the hope of finding an outlet that would lead to a hidden chamber.
36- The Western Half of the Subterranean Chamber
The Edgar brothers account of their visit to the pyramid in 1909 state that "In the unfinished floor of the subterranean chamber appears the large, squarish mouth of a deep vertical shaft. We had always to avoid walking too near its edge, for the rough uneven floor of the chamber is covered with loose crumbling debris".
37- The Dead End passage in the Subterranean Chamber
In the south wall, opposite the entrance, is a low passage (about 2 1/2 feet square) which runs 53 feet before coming to a blind end.
38- The Grotto and Well-Shaft
At the intersection where the ascending passage meets with the Grand Gallery is a hole which leads to a shaft (known as the well shaft) which connects with the descending passage below. This near vertical tunnel is about 3 feet in diameter. As it continues downward a grotto opens off the shaft. The shaft than continues downward to connect with the lower part of the descending passage.
39- The Well-Shaft looking almost vertically upward from the bottom
The purpose of this well shaft remains a mystery.
40- Close up of the Coffer in the King's Chamber
To end this tour, let us go back and look more closely at the most mysterious part of the Great Pyramid, the empty coffer in the King's Chamber. This beautiful granite shaped box made was made from a solid block of chocolate-colored granite and is even harder than the granite walls of the King's Chamber. For thousands of years, many have wondered about its purpose. Ancient legend says that it came from Atlantis or even from America. It was never inscribed or decorated. Also, since it is too large to pass through the low passages leading into the King Chambers, it must have been placed in the chamber before the chamber was closed and passages sealed. The volume of the Coffer is equal to that of the Ark of the Covenant. It is 89.8 inches long, 38.7 inches wide and 41.2 inches high. The sides are close to 6 inches thick and the bottom 7 inches thick.